Gravitational potential energy is the energy an object has due to its height. The higher the object, the more potential energy it has. **The formula for calculating gravitational potential energy is:**

## How to calculate gravitational potential energy

Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object due to its position in a gravitational field. The formula for gravitational potential energy is P.E. = mgh, where m is the mass in kilograms, g is the acceleration due to gravity (9.8 m / s2 at the surface of the earth) and h is the height in meters.

Notice that gravitational potential energy has the same units as kinetic energy, kg m2 / s2.

**To calculate gravitational potential energy, you need to know the object’s mass, the acceleration due to gravity, and the object’s height.**

**Here’s an example:**

An object with a mass of 10 kg is located at a height of 100 m above the surface of the earth. What is the gravitational potential energy of the object?

P.E. = mgh

P.E. = (10 kg)(9.8 m/s2)(100 m)

P.E. = 9,800 kg·m2/s2

## How do you calculate gravitational potential energy GCSE?

**Gravitational potential energy** is the energy that an object has because of its position in a gravitational field. It is the energy that the object has because of its height. The higher the object, the more **gravitational potential energy** it has.

The **gravitational potential energy** of an object is equal to its mass times the acceleration due to gravity times its height.

iF you have an object with a mass of 10 kg and it is at a height of 100 m, then its **gravitational potential energy** will be:

10 kg × 9.81 m/s^{2} × 100 m = 9,810 Joules (J)

## What is gravitational potential energy?

Gravitational potential energy is the stored energy in an object due to its position in a gravitational field. The force of gravity acts on the object, and the potential energy is stored in the object as a result of this force.

**The amount of gravitational potential energy an object has depends on its mass, its height above the ground, and the strength of the gravitational field.**

For example, a skydiver has more gravitational potential energy than someone standing on the ground because the skydiver is higher up and has more mass.

Gravitational potential energy is converted into kinetic energy as the object falls.

**The kinetic energy of an object is its energy of motion. **

As the object falls, its gravitational potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. The faster the object falls, the greater the kinetic energy.

When an object reaches the ground, it has no more gravitational potential energy.

**Gravitational potential energy is stored energy.****The amount of gravitational potential energy an object has depends on its mass, its height above the ground, and the strength of the gravitational field.****Gravitational potential energy is converted into kinetic energy as the object falls.****The kinetic energy of an object is its energy of motion.**

## How do you calculate gravitational potential energy for kids?

GPE = mass * g * height Where “g” is the standard acceleration of gravity which equals 9.8 m/s2. The height is determined based on the height the object could potentially fall.

**To calculate the GPE, you need to know the object’s mass, the acceleration due to gravity, and the height from which the object could fall.**

The object’s mass is easy enough to measure – **you just need a scale.** The acceleration due to gravity is a constant, so you don’t need to measure that. The height from which the object could fall is a little more tricky.

One way to think about it is to imagine the object at the top of a hill. The height of the hill is the height from which the object could fall. And just like when you’re rollerblading down a hill, the bigger the hill, the more GPE there is.

**Another way** to think about it is to imagine the object at the top of a staircase. The height of the staircase is the height from which the object could fall. And just like when you’re climbing up a staircase, the higher the staircase, the more GPE there is.

To calculate GPE, you need to know three things: the object’s mass, the acceleration due to gravity, and the height from which the object could fall.

## What is the gravitational potential energy of an object?

Gravitational potential energy, or the energy an object has in relation to another object due to gravity, is a type of potential energy. **Potential energy is the energy associated with the gravitational field,** which is released (converted into kinetic energy) when objects fall towards each other.

The amount of gravitational potential energy an object has depends on itsmass, its height above the ground, and the strength of gravity. **The more massive an object is, the more gravitational potential energy it has**. The higher an object is above the ground, the more gravitational potential energy it has. And finally, the stronger gravity is, the more gravitational potential energy an object has.

Gravitational potential energy is important because it **can be converted into other types of energy**, like kinetic energy. When an object falls, its gravitational potential energy is converted into kinetic energy. This is what allows roller coasters and other falling objects to move so fast!

The next time you’re on a roller coaster or watching something fall, think about the gravitational potential energy that’s being converted into kinetic energy. It’s pretty amazing!

## Why is the formula for gravitational potential energy?

Gravitational potential energy is the energy stored in an object due to its position in a gravitational field. The higher the object is in the gravitational field, the more potential energy it has. **The formula for gravitational potential energy is:** **PE = kg x 9.8 m/s2 x m**

In order to understand why this is the formula for gravitational potential energy, **it is first necessary to understand what potential energy is**. Potential energy is the energy stored in an object due to its position relative to other objects. For example, a rock at the top of a hill has more potential energy than a rock at the bottom of the hill. The reason for this is that the rock at the top of the hill has the potential to fall down the hill and release its stored energy.

**The gravitational force** is what gives an object its potential energy. The gravity between two objects is what keeps them together. The bigger the mass of an object, the more gravity it has. The gravitational force between two objects is: F = G * ((m1 * m2) / (d^2))

**Gravitational potential energy** is calculated by taking into account both the mass of the object and its height above the ground. The formula takes into account the fact that the more massive an object is, the more gravity it has. It also takes into account the fact that the higher an object is above the ground, the more potential energy it has.